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Misdemeanors
Misdemeanors are offenses that are less serious than felonies, carry a possible sentence in the county jail and are categorized as Class 1, 2, or 3.

Some examples of misdemeanors include:  DUIs, Possession of less than 8 oz. marijuana, Domestic Violence, Harassment, Disorderly Conduct, Criminal Mischief (less than $500), Third Degree Assault, Shoplifting and Theft.

Misdemeanor Sentencing Chart

Class  Jail Sentence    Fines
1 (M1) Up to 18 Months Jail   $500-$5,000
2 (M2)  Up to 12 Months Jail  $250-$1,000
3 (M3)   Up to 6 Months Jail  $50-$750


Charges labeled as Extraordinary Risk Crimes carry an increased maximum sentence (18 months is increased to 24 months in the county jail). A Class One Misdemeanor labeled an Extraordinary Risk crime carries 3-12 months in jail with a fine between $250-$1,000.
As with any crime, the facts (aggravating and mitigating factors) surrounding the case will determine the sentence the judge gives.
Following is an example of Felony Theft and Misdemeanor Theft and Possible Sentence.  The threshold level for a Felony 4 Theft was increased from $500 to $1,000 several years ago.  Theft can include minor shoplifting to white collar crimes with large dollar amounts.


Amount of Theft  Class of Crime   Possible Sentence
Under $500   Misdemeanor 2 3 to 12 months County Jail
$500 to $999.99 Misdemeanor 1  6 to 18 months County Jail
$1,000 to $19,999.99 Class 4 Felony  2 to 6 years DOC/Prison
$20,000 or more Class 3 Felony  4 to 12 years DOC/Prison

                            

Petty Offenses
Some examples of petty offenses include: Disorderly Conduct, Harassment, Minor in Possession of Alcohol, Possession of Drug Paraphernalia, Possession of not more than 1 oz. of Marijuana and Public Indecency.
Petty Offenses are considered to be the least serious of criminal charges.  The consequences of being convicted of a petty offense can include alcohol/drug monitoring, incarceration, educational programs, official supervision and a permanent criminal history.